Divisions of Hydrology
Hydrology can generally be divided into two main branches
1. Engineering Hydrology
Engineering hydrology deals with the planning, design and Operation of Engineering projects for the control and use of water
2. Applied Hydrology
Applied hydrology is the study of hydrological cycle, precipitation, runoff, relationship between precipitation and runoff, hydrographs, Flood Routing
Branches of Hydrology
Hydrology can be subdivided into the following branches:
1. Chemical Hydrology
Study of chemical characteristics of water.
Interaction between organisms and the hydrological cycle.
Also referred to as geohydrology, is the study of the presence and movement of ground water.
is the adaptation of information technology to hydrology and water resource applications
is the study of the transfer of water and energy between land and water body surfaces and the lower atmosphere.
6. Isotope Hydrology
is the study of isotropic signatures of water (origin and age of water).
7. Surface Water Hydrology
is the study of hydrologic processes that operate at or near earth’s surface.
8. Ground Water Hydrology
It is the study of underground water.
9. Drainage Basin Management
It covers water storage in the form of reservoir and flood protection.
10. Water Quality
It includes the chemistry of water in rivers and lakes, both of pollutants and natural solutes.