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Waste Characterization of Solid Waste

This study method produces waste composition data that can be correlated to specific types of waste generators, such as specific categories of business or industry, multi-family buildings, or single-family residences in specific neighborhoods. Waste samples are obtained at the location where they were generated – e.g., from the dumpsters or disposal

Collection of Data on Solid Wastes

In this section we will present various steps on collecting data, its presentation and information derived from this data. This data is useful in generating comprehensive information on the quantity and type of recyclables and recoverable materials / energy to prioritize the recovery opportunities. The information inferred from the

Guidelines for Site Selection for Landfills for Solid Waste

Decision about design period, it is recommended that neither too long nor too small should be selected. For example, 60 years is considered as too long for landfills, while 10 years as too small. Thirty years design period looks appropriate; however, expert stakeholders may decide with appropriate flexibility.

Sanitary Landfills Vs. Dump Sites

Sanitary landfills are solid waste disposal sites which are properly planned and developed utilizing engineering principles to ensure environmental protection and better quality of life for human being in the surrounding regions; while, dump sites (or dumps) are randomly available places where waste is simply thrown with owners’ permission

Requirements of Solid Waste Disposal Sites

Better planning (based on proper estimation of waste generation rates, population, changes in generation rates and population, diversion factors etc.), proper design and construction (size/ capacity according to requirements, arrangements for leachate and gases recovery, cover requirements, and liners etc.), and continuous

Importance of Solid Waste Collection

The collection efficiency of Municipal Solid Waste varies by national income and by region. In developing countries like Pakistan, the collection services make up the bulk of a municipality’s SWM budget (as high as 80 to 90% in many cases leaving less for other components of the SWM services), yet collection rates tend to be low (40-65% in South Asian

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