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Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

5 Travel Myths You Need to Stop Believing Right Now

Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

Canal Comes Alive with Lighted Boat Parade.

Steps in Construction of Multi Storey Buildings

Since the thermal expansion of concrete is different from that of masonry. The interface between the concrete and the masonry is liable to crack. To avoid this crack the chicken wire mesh is used to avoid the crack and also provides the better grip for Masonry with concrete. Similarly when the drainage pipes are laid along with the outer wall then again the connection between the pipe and

ACI Building Code Requirements and Safety Provisions

Structural members must always be proportioned to resist loads greater than service or actual loads, in order to provide proper safety against failure. In the strength design method, the member is designed to resist the factored loads which are obtained by multiplying the factored loads with live loads. Different factors are used for different loadings. As dead loads can be estimated

Types of Floors and Methods of Construction of Floors

A floor is the bottom surface of a room or vehicle. Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering. A lot of variety exists in flooring and there are different types of floors due to the fact that it is the first thing that catches your eye when you walk into a house, as it spans across the length and

Properties of a Good Sealant for Joints

Protection Durability Less expansion Good adhesion Chemical inertness Sound insulation - Air tight Must be of softer grade and not stiff Good wetting behavior Must be able to absorb thermal stresses

Reinforced Cement Concrete Design - Concepts and Theories

Since concrete is a brittle material and is strong in compression. It is weak in tension, so steel is used inside concrete for strengthening and reinforcing the tensile strength of concrete. The steel must have appropriate deformations to provide strong bonds and interlocking of both materials.

Dampness in Buildings and DPC (Damp Proof Course)

Rising damp is caused by capillary action drawing moisture up through the porous elements of a building's fabric. Rising damp, and some penetrating damp, can be caused by faults to, or the absence of a damp-proof course (DPC) or damp-proof membrane (DPM). It is continuous layer of impervious material applied to prevent moisture transmission. A common example is

Types of Stone Masonry - Rubble Masonry and Ashlar Masonry

The art of building a structure in stone with any suitable masonry is called stone masonry. Stone masonry may be broadly classified into the following two types: 1. Rubble Masonry 2. Ashlar Masonry. The stone masonry in which either undressed or roughly dressed stone are laid in a suitable mortar is called rubble masonry. In this masonry the joints are not of uniform

How Bond Strength can be Increased?

The pulling out of steel bars from concrete is resisted by the gripping action of concrete known as bond and the resulting stress is called bond stress. The resistance offered to slipping of bars is due to three factors: 1. The chemical adhesion between the two materials. 2. The friction due to natural roughness of bars. 3. The mechanical anchorage of the closely spaced

Advantages & Disadvantages of Bricks

Masonry structures are the oldest structures. These are structure built by using masonry units with mortar. The masonry units may be: Brick is a solid unit of building having standard size and weight. Its history traces back thousand years (almost 7500 BCE). Clay bricks made of fired clay. Since the clay bricks or burnt bricks are strong, hard, durable, resistive to abrasion and fire

Constants in Building Design & Analysis

Constants in Building Construction, Design and Analysis. Foundation wall (gravity and soil lateral loads). Headers, girders, joists, interior load- bearing walls and columns, footings (gravity loads). Exterior load-bearing walls and columns (gravity and transverse lateral load). Roof rafters, trusses, and beams; roof and wall sheathing (gravity and wind loads). Floor diaphragms

Definition and Uses of Joint Fillers

Joint filling is an important process in many structures such as Buildings, Masonry Walls. A joint filler for use in joints between structural elements comprising at least one layer of a substantially non-compressible, moisture blocking material; at least two layers of a compressible and resilient, moisture blocking material, each layer being in surface to surface contact with a

Types of Concrete Joints in Buildings and their Characteristics

These are structural separation between building elements that allow independent movement without damage to the assembly. Expansion joints are designed to safely absorb the thermal expansion and contraction of various construction materials, to absorb vibration. They are commonly provided in bridges, railway tracks, piping systems, and other structures. Control

Steps for How to Construct a Stone Wall

Important buildings were once designed and put together by master masons who knew how to work with stone, and understood the advantages and limitations of the material. Stone structure should be a combination of structural firmness, technical commodity and aesthetic delight. To

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