Stone and brick masonry are two very different types.
First of all, in brick masonry, brick is the smallest structural unit and in stone construction stone is the smallest structural unit.
Stone masonry is usually used in rural areas and its best kind, which is very costly can be used for very strong construction
In brick masonry the size and shape of the brick matters a lot but not in stone masonry.
The discontinuity of joints is important in both types.