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Types of Base Course - Granular, Base, Macadam, Water Bound

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: May 31, 2017 / Types of, Shallow, Roads

Granular Base Course:

A mixture of soil particles ranging in size from coarse to fine. Processing involve crushing oversized particles and screening where it is necessary to secure the desired grading. The requirements of a satisfactory soil aggregate surface are:

  • Stability
  • Resistance to abrasion
  • Resistance to penetration of water
  • Capillary properties to replace moisture lost by surface evaporation upon the addition of wearing course requirement change.

Macadam Base:

Successive layers of crushed rock mechanically locked by rolling and bonded by stone screening (rock duct, stone chips etc).

In-water bound Macadam:

The crushed stones are laid, shaped and compacted and then finer materials are added and washed into surface to provide a dense material.

Treated Bases:

Compose of mineral aggregate and additive to make them strong or more resistant to moisture. Among the treating agents is bitumen.


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