There are six characteristics of planning which are of prime importance:
Efficient Use of Available Resources:
The use of available resources as economical as possible, so as to achieve the greater possible measures of improvement within limited resources.
It means that there should be a balance between people and resources. Use of resources in such a way that the environment should not reduce its potential for the succeeding generations.
Planning should be flexible up to some extent. It means that changes must be allowed according to time, people and environment.
Accessibility to work place, shopping centers, to schools, entertainment. Similarly, from industry to source of labor, raw material, power and market.
Zoning is an important aspect of planning. Zoning means the separation of incompatible land uses from each other, and the association of compatible land uses with each other.
Public has more knowledge than the outsider. For any successful planning, public participation is necessary. There should be inter-dependence between public, politicians and planners.