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Applications of Bitumen in Civil Engineering

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Feb 18, 2017 / Bitumen, Pavement
Applications of Bitumen

Lab Test on BitumenLab Tests applied on Bitumen Bitumen Laboratory Tests

Introduction to Bituminous materials

The term bituminous materials is generally used to denote substances in which bitumen is present or from which it can be derived. Bitumen is defined as an amorphous, black or dark-colored, (solid, semi-solid, or viscous) cementitious substance, composed principally of high molecular weight hydrocarbons, and soluble in carbon disulfide.

For civil engineering applications, bituminous materials include primarily aphalts and tars. Asphalts may occur in nature (natural asphalts) or may be obtained from petroleum processing (petroleum asphalts). Tars do not occur in nature and are obtained as conden-sates in the processing of coal, petroleum, oil-shale, wood or other organic materials. Pitch is formed when a tar is partially distilled so that the volatile constituents have evaporated off from it. Bituminous mixtures are generally used to denote the combinations of bituminous materials (as binders), aggregates and additives.

This article presents the basic principles and practices of the usage of bituminous materials and mixtures in pavement construction. In recent years, the use of tars in highway construction has been very limited due to the concern with the possible emission of hazardous flumes when tars are heated.

Applications of Bitumen in scientific and engineering processes

Uses of Bitumen in Civil Engineering

Following is the list of applications of bitumen in real life:

Bitumen Road Testing

  1. Hydraulics & erosion control Catchment areas, basins

  2. Dam grouting

  3. Dam linings, protection

  4. Dyke protection

  5. Ditch linings

  6. Drainage gutters, structures

  7. Embankment protection

  8. Groynes

  9. Jetties

  10. Levee protection

  11. Mattresses for levee & bank protection

  12. Membrane linings, waterproofing

  13. Reservoir linings

  14. Revetments

  15. Sand dune stabilization

  16. Sewage lagoons, oxidation ponds

  17. Swimming pools

  18. Waste ponds

  19. Water barriers

  20. Backed felts


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