Following are the major requirements to be considered for any appropriate dump site / landfill:
Better planning (based on proper estimation of waste generation rates, population, changes in generation rates and population, diversion factors etc.), proper design and construction (size/ capacity according to requirements, arrangements for leachate and gases recovery, cover requirements, and liners etc.), and continuous maintenance during and after waste filling.
Environmental aspects are the most important aspects in any appropriate Solid Waste Management system. Environmental protection must be considered for all phases of SWM.
Social acceptance from the communities and other stakeholders, especially people living in the vicinity at shorter distances from disposal sites
Ensuring minimum possible overall cost and maximizing the benefits through proper solid waste management.
Capability of responsible institution to manage overall planning, operation, and maintenance of solid waste landfill sites
The above mentioned requirements are essential for a sanitary landfill disposal site.
Credits: GIZ - DEUTSCHE GESELLSCHAFT FÜR INTERNATIONALE ZUSAMMENARBEIT