What is Land Use Planning ?
It is the systematic approach / process for identifying, classifying and locating urban land, which is achieved by analyzing the socioeconomic needs of the population in consideration of the physical and natural attributes of a city / municipality
Technical aspect of Land use Planning:
It involves determining what activities(agricultural, construction) a given piece of land can support without causing damage to the land itself in order it can be used across many generations without jeopardizing.
Political aspect of Landd use Planning:
is concerned with the commitment of decision makers and politicians to ensure that there is strict compliance with the plan and its implementation tools.
An essential component of the comprehensive development plan, it designates the future use or reuse of the land and the structure built upon the land within a given jurisdiction’s planning area and the policies and reasoning used in arriving at the decisions in the plan
It projects public and private land uses in accordance with the planned spatial organization of economic and social activities and the traffic of goods and people
Overview of the Process
It utilizes the planning methodology which includes: data gathering, problem identification and situational analysis; goals / objectives formulation; generation of alternative spatial strategies; evaluation and selection of preferred strategy; formulation of the plan; adoption, review and approval; and implementation and monitoring
It deals primarily with the nonurban large scale uses such as: croplands, forests, pasture lands, mining/quarrying areas and swamplands, with areas occupied by structures treated collectively as “built –up” areas”
It is concerned with the location, intensity and amount of land development required for the various spaceusing functions such as residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, recreation and other activities found in the urban areas.
Four Major Categories:
Land supply is the land area available within the city/municipality for urban expansion. Basically, this is left after deducting the areas considered for protection/preservation and conservation such as the Network of Protected Agricultural Areas (NPAAs), National Intergrated Protected Areas System (NIPAs), existing builtup areas, etc.
Land Supply For Urban Expansion = TLA – (PCA + BU)
Where: TLA = total land area of city/municipality, in hectares
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